Project Apollo Mission Summary

Index:
Apollo Lunar Program Development/Test Flights - Apollo 1 - 10
Apollo Mission Types
Apollo Lunar Program Early Landing Flights - Apollo 11 - 14
Apollo Lunar Program Advanced/Extended Mission Flights - Apollo 15 - 17
Apollo Lunar Program Landing Site Objectives
Links & Credits
Also see Project Apollo Crew portraits, Mission Patches, and Landing Sites page


Apollo Lunar Program Development/Test Flights
please see bottom of page for credits
Other sections:
Mission

*Type (Series)

Apollo 1
AS-204
C
Apollo 7
AS-205
C
Apollo 8
AS-503
Planned E
Designated C'
Apollo 9
AS-504
D
Apollo 10
AS-505
F
Crew:   CDR
            CMP
            LMP
V. Grissom
E. White
R. Chaffee
W. Schirra
D. Eisele
W. Cunningham
F. Borman
J. Lovell
W. Anders
J. McDivitt
D. Scott
R. Schweickart
T. Stafford
J. Young
E. Cernan
Launch date
Splashdown date
N/A 11 Oct 68
22 Oct 68
21 Dec 68
27 Dec 68
3 Mar 69
13 Mar 69
18 May 69
26 May 69
Launch vehicle
S/N
Saturn 1B
SA-204
Saturn 1B
SA-205
Saturn V
SA-503
Saturn V
SA-504
Saturn V
SA-505
CSM S/N
Call sign
LM S/N
Call sign
CSM-012 (1)

N/A

CSM-101 (2)

N/A

CSM-103

N/A

CSM-104 (3)
Gumdrop
LM-3
Spider
CSM-106
Charlie Brown
LM-4
Snoopy
EVA: date
         duration
N/A N/A N/A 6 March 69
00:46
N/A
EVA Objective N/A N/A N/A Test Apollo EMU
Test CSM/LM for EVA support
N/A
Mission duration
(DD:HH:MM)
N/A 10:20:09 06:03:00 10:01:00 08:00:03
Footnotes (1) CSM-012 only manned Block 1 spacecraft used in Apollo program (2) Missions flown with CSM only (no LM) did not use call signs (3) Flights with LM used call signs after LM was powered up and manned
Significant events Flash fire in spacecraft killed entire crew First manned Apollo mission
First flight of manned Saturn launch vehicle
First manned flight to lunar orbit
First manned flight of Saturn V launch vehicle
First test flight of LM/CSM combination Second lunar orbital flight
LM descended to within ~50,000 ft of lunar surface
*Notes on mission types:  Apollo missions were originally planned to take place in several phases, or series:
"A" & "B" missions were unmanned test flights
"C" missions were manned, earth orbital tests of the CSM (Apollos 1 and 7)
Apollo 8 was designated as C' (C prime)
"D" missions were manned, earth orbital tests of the LM and CSM (Apollo 9)
"E" mssions were manned tests in high earth orbit (original plan for Apollo 8)
"F" missions were manned tests in lunar orbit (Apollo 10)
the "G" mission was the first landing (Apollo 11)
Later, 3 other mission types were added to the list:
"H" missions were subsequent missions to other landing sites using the basic hardware (Apollos 12, 13, and 14)
"I" missions were to be lunar orbit only science flights (none flown, although some interesting design studies were made)
"J" missions would be longer stays on the moon utilizing impovements to the LM design (Apollos 15, 16, and 17)
Apollo Lunar Program Early Landing Flights


Mission

Type (Series)

Apollo 11
AS-506
G
Apollo 12
AS-507
H
Apollo 13
AS-508
H
Apollo 14
AS-509
H
Crew:   CDR
            CMP
   LMP
N. Armstrong 
M. Collins
E. Aldrin
C. Conrad
R. Gordon
A. Bean
J. Lovell
J. Swigert (4)
F. Haise
A. Shepard (5)
S. Roosa
E. Mitchell
Launch date
Splashdown date
 16 Jul 69
24 July 69
14 Nov 69
24 Nov 69
11 Apr 70
17 Apr 70
31 Jan 71
9 Feb 71
Launch vehicle
 Saturn V
AS-506
 Saturn V
AS-507
Saturn V
AS-508
Saturn V
AS-509 
CSM S/N
Call sign
LM S/N
Call sign
CSM-107
Columbia
LM-5
Eagle
CSM-108
Yankee Clipper
LM-6
Intrepid
CSM-109
Odyssey
LM-7
Aquarius
CSM-110
Kitty Hawk
LM-8
Antares
Lunar landing date
Landing site
 20 Jul 69
Sea of Tranquility
18 Nov 69
Ocean of Storms
scheduled to land at Fra Mauro plain
 5 Feb 71
Fra Mauro plain
EVA 1: date
Duration (H:MM)
 20 Jul 69
2:14
 19 Nov 69
3:39
N/A
 5 Feb 71
4:49
EVA 1 objective

 

 Fulfill Apollo project political goal
Collect lunar samples
Deploy scientific experiments
Deploy Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package (ALSEP)
Collect lunar samples
N/A
Deploy ALSEP 
EVA 2: date
Duration
N/A
 19 Nov 69
3:48
N/A
 6 Feb 71
4:46
EVA 2 objective

 

N/A
 Collect samples from Surveyor 3
Collect lunar samples
N/A
Geolologic traverse to rim of Cone Crater 
Tot. EVA distance
 0.25 km/0.15 miles
1.35 km/0.83 miles 
N/A
 3.45 km/2.1 miles
Amount samples returned
 20 kg/44 lbs
34 kg/75 lbs 
N/A
42 kg/94 lbs 
Mission duration
 08:03:18
10:04:36 
05:22:54 
09:00:01 
Footnotes
 
 
 (4)  Swigert only backup crewman to fly an Apollo mission
 (5)  Shepard only Mercury astronaut to walk on the moon
 Significant events
CDR N. Armstrong first human to make contact with another celestial object 
 First (and only) visit to a previously landed man made object on the moon - Surveyor 3
 Explosion in SM caused translunar abort
 
 
 First crew to be placed in isolation after a space flight
 
 Crew saved through heroic efforts of ground suport team
Last crew to be placed in isolation after a space flight 

Apollo Lunar Program Advanced/Extended Mission Flights


Mission

Type (Series)

Apollo 15
AS-510
J
Apollo 16
AS-511
J
Apollo 17
AS-512
J
Crew:   CDR
            CMP
   LMP
 D. Scott
A. Worden
J. Irwin
 J. Young
K. Mattingly (9)
C. Duke
E. Cernan
R. Evans
H. Schmidt (10)
Launch date
Splashdown date
 26 Jul 71
7 Aug 71
16 Apr 72
27 Apr 72
7 Dec 72
19 Dec 72
Launch vehicle
 Saturn V
SA-510
Saturn V
SA-511
Saturn V
SA-512
CSM S/N
Call sign
LM S/N
 Call sign
 CSM-112
Endeavor
LM-10
Falcon
CSM-113
Caspar
LM-11
Orion
CSM-114
America
LM-12
Challenger
Lunar landing date
Landing site
 30 Jul 71
Hadley-Appenines
20 Apr 72
Descartes highlands
11 Dec 72
Taurus-Littrow
valley
EVA 1: date
Duration
 31 Jul 71
6:34
21 Apr 72
7:11
 11 Dec 72
7:12
EVA 1 objective
 (8) Deploy Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV)
Traverse to St. George crater
Deploy ALSEP
 Deploy ALSEP
Deploy LRV
Geological traverse to Flag Crater
Deploy ALSEP
Deploy LRV
Geological traverse to Steno crater
EVA 2: date
Duration
 1 Aug 71
7:13
 22 Apr 72
7:23
 12 Dec 72
7:37
EVA 2 objective
 Geological traverse to Mt. Hadley Delta
Geological traverse to Stone Mountain 
 Geological traverse to South Massif
EVA 3: date
Duration
 2 Aug 71
4:20
 23 Apr 72
5:40
 13 Dec 72
7:16
EVA 3 objective
(6) 
 Geological traverse to Scarp crater and Hadley Rille
also, see (6)
 Geological traverse to Smoky Mountain
also, see (6)
 Geological traverse to North Massif
also, see (6)
Tot. EVA distance
 27.9 km/17.2 miles
27 km/16.7 miles 
30 km/18.6 miles 
Amount samples returned
 66 kg/169 lbs
96 kg/213 lbs 
110 kg/243 lbs 
Mission duration
 12:07:11
11:01:51 
12:13:51 
Footnotes
(6) Additional deep space EVA performed by CMP enroute back to earth to retrieve SIM bay data from SM on all 3 J-Series missions
 (8)  Mattingly assigned to Apollo 16 after being bumped from Apollo 13 crew after being exposed to measles 
 (9) Schmidt only geologist to walk on moon.  Originally scheduled to fly Apollo 18, bumped Joe Engle off 17 when 18 was cancelled 
 
  (7) CDR D. Scott performed standup EVA (SEVA) from LM upper hatch prior to EVA 1
Duration 00:33
 
 
 Significant events
 First use of manned wheeled vehicle (LRV) on moon
Only landing in lunar highlands 
Last manned lunar mission to date
 
 
 Set up UV telescope on moon
 
 
 
 
 

Apollo Lunar Program Landing Site Objectives
Apollo 11 Land safely, sample the immediate vicinity, set up the EASEP, and then lift off safely
Apollo 12 Demonstrate a precision landing, sample the cratered mare plain, and retrieve part of Surveyor III
Apollo 13/14 Land on at the foot of a ridge in the hummocky terrain of the Fra Mauro Formation, and then trek up the ridge to sample rocks on the rim of 270-metre wide Cone Crater, in the hope of recovering rocks which would date the impact that created the Imbrium Basin
Apollo 15 Land at the first ‘multiple objective’ site, a confined mare plain just behind the 12,000 foot mountains of the Apennine Range, and in front of the 1 km wide, 300 metre deep Hadley Rille. The astronauts were to use the LRV to sample (in order of priority) the base of Mount Hadley Delta in search of anorthositic rock from the original 
lunar crust, the rim of the rille to study possible stratification in 
its wall, and the substructure of the plain in the walls of the craters 
excavating it
Apollo 16 Seek volcanics in the Central Highlands west of the Kant Plateau, on a patch of the Cayley Formation set between two 1,500 
ft. hills of the Descartes Formation. However, the plains material 
filling the valley turned out to be a blanket of fluidised ejecta which 
had ‘sloshed’ out during a basin-forming impact
Apollo 17 Sought evidence of ‘recent’ volcanism on the floor of a valley 
nestling in a valley on the mountainous rim of the Serenitatis Basin. 
Although this ‘dark mantle’ material was indeed of volcanic origin, it was ancient
The information in this table was written by David M. Harland, author of Exploring the Moon - The Apollo Expeditions

Links & Credits
I gathered significant amounts of the information used for this section from the following www sites:
The Apollo Lunar Surface Journal
DSF Portree's EVA Worksite
NASA HQ Office of Space Flight Project Apollo pages